A hybrid hard drive (HHD), sometimes known as a solid-state hybrid drive (SSHD), is a mass storage device that combines a conventional hard disk drive (HDD) and a NAND flash module. An HHD blends the capacity, cost and performance of physical disk storage with the accelerated performance of flash.

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Data that is frequently written to tướng or retrieved from storage is served from flash memory. Seagate Technology, Toshiba Corp. and Western Digital Corp. offer variants of hybrid hard drive technology, typically branded using the SSHD moniker, for particularized consumer use in notebook computers and personal digital assistants.

Hybrid hard drives vs. SSD vs. hard drives

Hybrid hard drives attempt to tướng bridge the gap between flash and fixed-disk Magnetic storage. SSDs are faster than thở traditional rotational truyền thông, but have much lower storage capacities than thở HDDs.

An HDD uses stacks of electromechanical spinning platters to tướng store nonsequential data, written to tướng sectors within specified blocks on each disk via an actuator arm. The HDD positions a hard disk ví data is read and written on the correct disk sector. The HDD mechanism and hard disk are packaged as an integrated unit, although both terms are used to tướng describe it.

Engineers at IBM in the 1950s created the hard disk to tướng provide random access to tướng high capacities of data. Doing ví at an affordable cost was one of IBM's key design criteria. Disk mật độ trùng lặp từ khóa has increased greatly from IBM's original 3.75 megabyte (MB) device. Seagate said it plans to tướng introduce a 16 terabyte (TB) HDD in 2017.

Hybrid hard drive image

HDDs connect to tướng computing devices via a serial-attached SCSI (SAS) or Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) interface. Similarly, SSDs (also known as flash drives) are based on SAS or SATA sườn factors, but they have no internal mechanical movement. SSDs consist of silicon chips designed as an integrated circuit to tướng provide nonvolatile memory for resilience. This differs from volatile storage on HDDs, which require an onboard capacitor or battery backup to tướng protect data in the sự kiện of a system failure.

A hybrid hard drive adds a small dose of flash to tướng the core disk architecture. The NAND cache buffer stores hot data and serves it to tướng disk to tướng accelerate application workloads. A typical HHD cache volume contains about 8 gigabyte (GB) of flash and requires no special software driver.

An SSHD/hybrid hard drive with embedded flash costs a fraction of an SSD, yet can give similar performance benefits. That value may diminish over time in tandem with falling flash prices.

Pros and cons of hybrid storage products

Hybrid hard drives deliver distinct advantages compared to tướng a conventional hard drive, namely the ability to:

  • accelerate data storage and retrieval for applications such as word processors,
  • reduce time for system boot,
  • reduce power consumption,
  • decrease heat generation,
  • extend hard drive life,
  • extend battery life for notebooks and PDAs, and
  • diminish levels of operating noise.

Limitations of HHDs include:

  • Longer seek time for data stored on the hard drive
  • More frequent HDD spin up and spin down
  • Impossibility of data recovery from failed flash memory modules
  • Higher overall hardware cost for the system

Major hybrid hard drive vendors

Seagate sells the Laptop SSHD (formerly Momentus XT), Desktop SSHD, Turbo SSHD, and BarraCuda and FireCuda SSHDs for mostly consumer use cases. The company recently upgraded its FireCuda SSHD line with 1 TB and 2 TB capacities, targeting high-performance desktop workstations and PC gaming. Seagate's Desktop SSHD models scale from 1 TB to tướng 4 TB.

For enterprises, Seagate's Turbo SSHD storage targets virtual desktop infrastructure, online transaction processing and legacy databases such as SAP HANA. Turbo SSHDs are available in 300 GB, 450 GB and 600 GB capacities. Enterprises concerned with drive security have the option to tướng purchase Seagate self-encrypted SSHDs.

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Western Digital Blue SSHDs come in 1 TB and 4 TB capacities, with 6 gigabit per second (Gbps) SATA connectivity. Blue SSHD products attempt to tướng straddle consumer and enterprise workloads. Acronis True Image WD Edition backup software is available as a miễn phí tải về to tướng clone drives and back up applications, operating systems and drive settings.

Toshiba sells the MQ01ABD and MQ01ABF SSHD lines that scale from 500 GB to tướng 1 TB, designed with its own NAND flash chipset. Toshiba's hybrid hard drives target portable computing, notebooks and gaming applications.

Hybrid flash overshadows hybrid hard drives

Integrating flash storage directly on disk was conceived as a way to tướng tốc độ data access across all storage. The combination of low cost and high performance led industry analysts to tướng believe hybrid hard drives eventually would supplant traditional hard drives and SSDs, but enterprises have not warmed up to tướng the technology.

A major reason for this is the emergence of hybrid arrays, which mix SSDs and magnetic disk at the drive level. That allows vendors to tướng build arrays from commercial off-the-shelf hardware, with intelligent software to tướng manage caching and data tiering.

As a result, most HHD shipments remain oriented toward the consumer market, such as hybrid drives to tướng replace legacy rotating truyền thông in laptops and PCs.

This was last updated in June 2017

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