mensa là gì

Mensa International
Formation1 October 1946; 76 years ago[1]
Legal statusLimited non-profit organisation
PurposeHigh-IQ society
HeadquartersSlate Barn, Church Lane, Caythorpe, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
  • Worldwide


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International Chairperson

Björn Liljeqvist

Mensa is the largest and oldest high-IQ society in the world.[3][4][5] It is a non-profit organisation open lớn people who score at the 98th percentile or higher on a standardised, supervised IQ or other approved intelligence test.[6] Mensa formally comprises national groups and the umbrella organisation Mensa International, with a registered office in Caythorpe, Lincolnshire, England,[7] which is separate from the British Mensa office in Wolverhampton.[8]


The word mensa (, Latin: [ˈmẽːs̠ä]) is Latin for 'table', as is symbolised in the organisation's logo, and was chosen lớn demonstrate the round-table nature of the organisation; the coming together of equals.[2]


Australian, Roland Berrill, and Lancelot Ware, a British scientist and lawyer, founded Mensa at Lincoln College, in Oxford, England in 1946, with the intention of forming a society for the most intelligent, with the only qualification being a high IQ.[9]

The society was ostensibly lớn be non-political in its aims and không lấy phí from all other social distinctions, such as race and religion.[2] However, Berrill and Ware were both disappointed with the resulting society. Berrill had intended Mensa as "an aristocracy of the intellect" and was unhappy that the majority of members came from working or lower-class homes,[10] while Ware said: "I vì thế get disappointed that sánh many members spend sánh much time solving puzzles."[11]

American Mensa was the second major branch of Mensa thanks lớn the efforts of Margot Seitelman.[12]

In 2021, British Mensa's trang web servers suffered a security breach in which thành viên data was compromised. Two board directors resigned because of the relaxed cybersecurity.[13]

Membership requirement[edit]

Mensa's requirement for membership is a score at or above the 98th percentile on certain standardized IQ or other approved intelligence tests, such as the Stanford–Binet Intelligence Scales. The minimum accepted score on the Stanford–Binet is 132, while for the Cattell it is 148 and 130 in the Wechsler tests (WAIS, WISC).[14] Most IQ tests are designed lớn yield a mean score of 100 with a standard deviation of 15; the 98th-percentile score under these conditions is 130.8, assuming a normal distribution.[15]

Most national groups test using well-established IQ test batteries, but American Mensa additionally developed its own application exam. This exam is administered and monitored by American Mensa and does not provide a score comparable lớn scores on other tests; it serves only lớn qualify a person for membership.[16] In some national groups, a person may take a Mensa-offered test only once, although one may later submit an application with results from a different qualifying test. The Mensa test is also available in some developing countries such as India and Pakistan, and societies in developing countries have been growing at a rapid pace.[17]

Organizational structure[edit]

Mensa International consists of around 134,000 members in 100 countries [2] and in 54 national groups.[17] The national groups issue periodicals, such as Mensa Bulletin, the monthly publication of American Mensa,[18] and Mensa Magazine, the monthly publication of British Mensa.[19] Individuals who live in a country with a national group join the national group, while those living in countries without a recognized chapter may join Mensa International directly.[citation needed]

The largest national groups are:[20]

  • American Mensa, with more kêu ca 50,000 members,[21]
  • British Mensa, with about 18,000 members in the UK and Ireland,[22]
  • Mensa Germany, with about 16,000 members.[23]

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Larger national groups are further subdivided into local groups. For example, American Mensa has 134 local groups, with the largest having over 2,000 members and the smallest having fewer kêu ca 100.

Members may khuông Special Interest Groups (SIGs) at international, national, and local levels; these SIGs represent a wide variety of interests, ranging from motorcycle clubs lớn entrepreneurial co-operations. Some SIGs are associated with various geographic groups, whereas others act independently of official hierarchy. There are also electronic SIGs (eSIGs), which operate primarily as gmail lists, where members may or may not meet each other in person.[citation needed]

The Mensa Foundation, a separate charitable U.S. corporation, edits and publishes its own Mensa Research Journal, in which both Mensans and non-Mensans are published on various topics surrounding the concept and measure of intelligence.


Mensa has many events for members, from the local lớn the international level. Several countries hold a large sự kiện called the Annual Gathering (AG). It is held in a different đô thị every year, with speakers, dances, leadership workshops, children's events, games, and other activities. The American and Canadian AGs are usually held during the American Independence Day (4 July) or Canada Day (1 July) weekends respectively.[citation needed]

Since 1990, American Mensa has sponsored the annual Mensa Mind Games competition, at which the Mensa Select award is given lớn five board games that are "original, challenging, and well designed".[24][25]

In Europe, since 2008 international meetings have been held under the name [EMAG] (European Mensa Annual Gathering), starting in Cologne that year.[26] The next meetings were in Utrecht (2009), Prague (2010), Paris (2011), Stockholm (2012), Bratislava (2013), Zürich (2014), Berlin (2015), Kraków (2016), Barcelona (2017), Belgrade (2018) and Ghent (2019). The 2020 sự kiện was postponed and took place in 2021 in Brno. The 2022 sự kiện was held in Strasbourg, and the following year's sự kiện will be held in Rotterdam (2023).[27]

In the Asia-Pacific region, there is an Asia-Pacific Mensa Annual Gathering (AMAG),[28] with rotating countries hosting the sự kiện. This has included Gold Coast, nước Australia (2017),[29] Cebu, Philippines (2018),[28] New Zealand (2019), and South Korea (2020).[30]


All national Mensa groups publish members-only newsletters or magazines, which include articles and columns written by members, and information about upcoming Mensa events. Examples include the American Mensa Bulletin,[18] the British Mensa Magazine,[19] Serbian MozaIQ,[31] the Australian TableAus,[32] the Mexican El Mensajero,[33] and the French formerly Contacts, now MensaMag.[34] Aside from national publications, some local or regional groups have their own newsletters.[35][citation needed]

Mensa International publishes a Mensa World Journal, which "contains views and information about Mensa around the world". This journal is generally included in each national magazine.[36]

The Mensa Foundation publishes the Mensa Research Journal, which "highlights scholarly articles and recent research related lớn intelligence". Unlike most Mensa publications, this journal is available lớn non-members.[37]


All national Mensas have lớn accept children.[38] However, some national Mensas don't test the children themselves; many offer activities, resources, and newsletters specifically geared toward gifted children and their parents. American Mensa's youngest thành viên (Kashe Quest),[39] British Mensa's youngest thành viên (Adam Kirby)[40] [41] and several Australian Mensa members joined at the age of two.[42] Elise Tan-Roberts of the UK and Miranda Elise Margolis of the US are the youngest people ever lớn join Mensa, having gained full membership at the age of two years and four months.[41][43][44]

In 2018, Mehul Garg became the youngest person in a decade lớn score the maximum of 162 in the test.[45]

American Mensa's oldest thành viên is 102,[46] and British Mensa had a thành viên aged 103.[47]

According lớn American Mensa's generational classifications and published demographics (as of 2023), its membership is 8 per cent from the Silent generation (born 1924-1942), 37 per cent Baby Boomers (born 1943-1960), 30 per cent Gen-X (born 1961-1981), 10 per cent Millennial (born 1982-2000), 12 per cent Generation Z (born 2001-2020) and the remaining 3 per cent other. The American Mensa general membership identifies as 64 per cent male, 32 per cent female, 3 per cent unknown, and less kêu ca 1 per cent gender non-conforming or other.[46]

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See also[edit]

  • List of notable Mensans
  • List of Mensa Select recipients
  • IQ classification
  • IQ Award
  • Triple Nine Society – High IQ society
  • Intertel – Second-oldest high-IQ society in the world


External links[edit]